# Homepage of Boris Haase

## Knowledge Representation

How knowledge is optimally developed and filtered? How is it optimally represented?

Knowledge consists of things and their relations among themselves. Mathematically, it can be represented by elements and relations. If a thing is not further "reducible" after an abstraction process, let it be about a substance. The decomposition in substances is not unique. Result of decomposition can e.g. be the one and the indivisible. It should be worked therefore with scientifically examined standards. These can follow existing languages.

Fundamental things are conceived as conditions - mathematically as axioms. Used definitions are to be explicated - mathematically as definitions. Statements - which are with sufficient depth mathematical sentences - can summarised be made in such a way. The statements are provided according to rules. The rules are likewise conditions. Mathematically is proven by sentences according to (proof) rules.

While presuppositions should be always true, statements can be also wrong or to a certain percentage true - mathematically probability. Generally, numbers from an interval (e.g. the substance temperature or the day) can be assigned to things. One calls this scaling. Also the assignment of vector spaces is meaningful (particularly with substances like e.g. space or colour).

The scaling does not have to be made by real intervals in order to create a continuum. There are also finite continuums. These do not have a "gap" between two (number) points. Points are indivisible thereby and have an undifferentiated expansion. Our entire world is finally presentable. This is not provable since we can think nor measure the infinity. Also as axiom must apply that the world splits at each time into further ones after the laws (of nature).

The presuppositions and statements should be selected in such a way that they are as general and comprehensive as possible, so that there are as few ones as possible and the knowledge remains manageable. Probability of the truth should be indicated as far as possible as a function of the main unit. Possibly it is to be estimated. As projection we receive the usual statements. Also hypotheses can be selected as presuppositions (possibly probability 50%).

Relations can be requested by a (relational and/or object-oriented) data base. This can be done fast if suitable indices exist (if necessary, as binary trees, as represented in "informatics"). Central and large data bases can receive inquiries after individual profiles. For the marking out of the data, suitable ontologys can be used in order to implement methods like e.g. inheritance.

How is knowledge stored?

There is a parallel increase and decrease of information through births and entering of new substances and through death and elimination of substances (e.g. diseases, extinction of species) in our world. The latter is thus an open system. Each brain builds up an individual reference system (to substances), which can exist independently of matter: matter does not suffice at all to describe it completely. The part of the brain, accessible to us, is the functional one: What must be materially given so that the brain can work?

The individuality of the reference system consists in the selection and quality of the substances and references. So the substance goal is e.g. for the one the overall goal of life, for the other the highest individual happiness. The reference system is also language-dependent. While a computer, up to now, knows only rules to denominate substances, man has direct access to substances. It makes no sense to tie certain molecule forms to certain substances since substances have an own life (for example, in the form substance P is always goal).

The real awareness is not encoded materially, although the brain regions are involved. Not the sensual connotations, but the references and substances are crucial. The soul cannot be destroyed materially because it is immaterial (references and substances). It cannot be located materially. Since the potential activities of the mind are illimitable, but the awareness is finite, the determinism is needed. The extensive orientation by the basic needs is indeed possible, but inadequate since man wants to be satisfied mentally and emotionally.

Since man cannot determine himself due to zis insufficient skills, only L or the divine instance are qualified for this. This is not a makeweight function, but crucial for the whole issue: Everyone is experiencing the meaningful to zer. However, it is a mutual process in that the person has a decisive part: Ze determines by zer behaviour how L or the divine instance can accommodate zer. Every creature and also the divine instances orientate themselves upwards. Only L at the top has all liberties, which also make a successful life possible to zer.

How is knowledge to represent?

It is important, first to figure out what knowledge is important at all, and one gets to know this best in a relationship with L. Presupposition is that one views the world right and positions oneself properly in it. Who attaches importance to too many things that have none will fail in this world more or less. Then is to consider what contribution oneself can make to knowledge representation. It depends on talent.

Knowledge representation presupposes always assessments on the status of knowledge. Here should the own self should be as possible excluded and priority given to the things themselves and the importance they have for others. If one has collected knowledge according to priority, it is to edit and represent according to its relevance. The most important content belongs at the beginning, the least important at the end of the whole.

Knowledge is to represent adapted to the target group. It is therefore necessary to be exactly clear about this. The higher the level of the target group, the shorter one can make it, and vice versa. The increasing intelligence of the population makes it possible to focus more and more on the actual message. An appropriate comment can take over a clarifying representation for the less intelligent.

Who works at the highest level, may also represent at the highest level. However, this must be based on a realistic and verifiable assessment. The highest level is most condensed and of the highest expressiveness and universality. This will be only achieved from a very good relationship with L. Many quotations and examples cannot be found here, but an original representation, which reflects the greatly the divinity of L.

Who works at a lower level should also try to acquit zerself as well as it goes. It is not about creating the greatest possible extent, but as much quality as possible. Recipients take with good reason offence when they are crushed with mass, which is of low quality. A unobjectionable line of argument should be a matter of course. One can contribute all the qualities from the relationship with L.

A critical self view avoids making unnecessary mistakes. Before publishing, the representation should be carefully counter-checked and corrected, if necessary. The means of an attractive and educationally well constructed representation should be used. A timeless representation is preferable to a fashion-specific one, if the effect should persist for a longer period, or a frequent adjustment is to be avoided.

The more important a representation is, the larger and more carefully the circle is to choose who should be entrusted with the publication. Only a good translation preserves the quality, if it should be necessary. All parties involved must be well coordinated, possibly by a qualifiedly controlled project. Who has not to live from zis publication, will also demand no price. If ze does it anyway, it is to make as low as possible.

© 2004-2009 by Boris Haase